20 Jun 2014

Ayat Al-Kursi

ayat al kursi

Ayat Al-Kursi has Ten Complete Arabic Sentences 1. Allah's statement,
﴿اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ﴾
(Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He) mentions that Allah is the One and Only Lord of all creation. 2. Allah's statement,
﴿الْحَىُّ الْقَيُّومُ﴾
(Al-Hayyul-Qayyum) testifies that Allah is the Ever Living, Who never dies, Who sustains everyone and everything. All creation stands in need of Allah and totally relies on Him, while He is the Most Rich, Who stands in need of nothing created. Similarly, Allah said,
﴿وَمِنْ ءَايَـتِهِ أَن تَقُومَ السَّمَآءُ وَالاٌّرْضُ بِأَمْرِهِ﴾
(And among His signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His command) ﴿30:25﴾. 3. Allah's statement,
﴿لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ﴾
(Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him) means, no shortcoming, unawareness or ignorance ever touches Allah. Rather, He is aware of, and controls what every soul earns, has perfect watch over everything, nothing escapes His knowledge, and no secret matter is secret to Him. Among His perfect attributes, is the fact that He is never effected by slumber or sleep. Therefore, Allah's statement,
﴿لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ﴾
(Neither slumber overtakes Him) indicates that no unawareness due to slumber ever overtakes Allah. Allah said afterwards,
﴿وَلاَ نَوْمٌ﴾
(nor sleep), which is stronger than slumber. It is recorded in the Sahih that Abu Musa said, "The Messenger of Allah delivered a speech regarding four words:
«إِنَّ اللهَللهَلا يَنَامُ، وَلَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَنَامَ، يَخْفِضُ الْقِسْطَ وَيَرْفَعُهُ، يُرْفَعُ إِلَيْهِ عَمَلُ النَّهَارِ قَبْلَ عَمَلِ اللَّيْلِ، وَعَمَلُ اللَّيْلِ قَبْلَ عَمَلِ النَّهَارِ، حِجَابُهُ النُّورُ أَوِ النَّارُ لَوْ كَشَفَهُ لَأَحْرَقَتْ سُبُحَاتُ وَجْهِهِ مَا انْتَهَى إِلَيْهِ بَصَرُهُ مِنْ خَلْقِه»
(Allah does not sleep, and it does not befit His majesty that He sleeps. He lowers the scales and raises them. The deeds of the day are resurrected in front of Him before the deeds of the night, and the deeds of the night before the deeds of the day. His Veil is light, or fire, and if He removes it, the rays from His Face would burn whatever His sight reaches of His creation.)
4. Allah's statement,
﴿لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَـوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الاٌّرْضِ﴾
(To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth) indicates that everyone is a servant for Allah, a part of His kingdom and under His power and authority. Similarly, Allah said,
﴿إِن كُلُّ مَن فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ إِلاَّ آتِى الرَّحْمَـنِ عَبْداً - لَّقَدْ أَحْصَـهُمْ وَعَدَّهُمْ عَدّاً - وَكُلُّهُمْ ءَاتِيهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ فَرْداً ﴾
(There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious (Allah) as a servant. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender)) ﴿19:93-95﴾. 5. Allah's statement,
﴿مَن ذَا الَّذِى يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ﴾
(Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission) is similar to His statements,
﴿وَكَمْ مِّن مَّلَكٍ فِى السَّمَـوَتِ لاَ تُغْنِى شَفَـعَتُهُمْ شَيْئاً إِلاَّ مِن بَعْدِ أَن يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ وَيَرْضَى ﴾
(And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with) ﴿53:26﴾, and,
﴿وَلاَ يَشْفَعُونَ إِلاَّ لِمَنِ ارْتَضَى﴾
(They cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased) ﴿21:28﴾.
These Ayat assert Allah's greatness, pride, and grace, and that no one dares to intercede with Him on behalf of anyone else, except by His permission. Indeed, the Hadith about the intercession, states that the Prophet said,
«آتِي تَحْتَ الْعَرْشِ فَأَخِرُّ سَاجِدًا، فَيَدَعُنِي مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَدَعَنِي. ثُمَّ يُقَالُ: ارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ، وَقُلْ تُسْمَعْ، وَاشْفَعْ تُشَفَّعْ قَالَ: فَيَحُدُّ لِي حَدًّا فَأُدْخِلُهُمُ الْجَنَّة»
(I will stand under the Throne and fall in prostration, and Allah will allow me to remain in that position as much as He wills. I will thereafter be told, "Raise your head, speak and you will be heard, intercede and your intercession will be accepted''. The Prophet then said, "He will allow me a proportion whom I will enter into Paradise.'')
6. Allah's statement,
﴿يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ﴾
(He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter) this refers to His perfect knowledge of all creation; its past, present and future. Similarly, Allah said that the angels proclaimed;
﴿وَمَا نَتَنَزَّلُ إِلاَّ بِأَمْرِ رَبِّكَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِينَا وَمَا خَلْفَنَا وَمَا بَيْنَ ذلِكَ وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ نَسِيّاً ﴾
(And we (angels) descend not except by the command of your Lord (O Muhammad ). To Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between those two; and your Lord is never forgetful) ﴿19:64﴾. 7. Allah's statement,
﴿وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَآءَ﴾
(And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills), asserts the fact that no one attains any part of Allah's knowledge except what Allah conveys and allows. This part of the Ayah indicates that no one ever acquires knowledge of Allah and in His Attributes, except what He conveys to them. For instance, Allah said,
﴿وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِهِ عِلْماً﴾
(But they will never compass anything of His knowledge) ﴿20: 110﴾. 8. Allah said,
﴿وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَـوَاتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ﴾
(His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth.)
Waki` narrated in his Tafsir that Ibn `Abbas said, "Kursi is the footstool, and no one is able to give due consideration to ﴿Allah's﴾ Throne.'' Al-Hakim recorded this Hadith in his Mustadrak from Ibn `Abbas, who did not relate it to the Prophet . Al-Hakim said, "It is Sahih according to the criteria of the Two Sahihs, and they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.'' In addition, Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas said, "If the seven heavens and the seven earths were flattened and laid side by side, they would add up to the size of a ring in a desert, compared to the Kursi.'' 9. Allah said,
﴿وَلاَ يَؤُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا﴾
(And He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them) meaning, it does not burden or cause Him fatigue to protect the heavens and earth and all that is in between them. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him. Further, Allah sustains everything, has perfect watch over everything, nothing ever escapes His knowledge and no matter is ever a secret to Him. All matters are insignificant, modest and humble before Him. He is the Most Rich, worthy of all praise. He does what He wills, and no one can ask Him about what He does, while they will be asked. He has supreme power over all things and perfect alertness concerning everything. He is the Most High, the Greatest, there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, and no Lord other than Him.
10. Allah's statement,
﴿وَهُوَ الْعَلِىُّ الْعَظِيمُ﴾
(And He is the Most High, the Most Great) is similar to His statement,
﴿الْكَبِيرُ الْمُتَعَالِ﴾
(the Most Great, the Most High) ﴿13:9﴾.
These and similar Ayat and authentic Hadiths about Allah's Attributes must be treated the way the Salaf (righteous ancestors) treated them by accepting their apparent meanings without equating them ﴿with the attributes of the creation﴾ or altering their apparent meanings.
﴿لاَ إِكْرَاهَ فِى الدِّينِ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّـغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَى لاَ انفِصَامَ لَهَا وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴾
(256. There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.)
 Kisah Abu Hurairah

 Abu Hurairah r.a. pernah ditugaskan oleh Rasulullah S.A.W untuk menjaga gudang zakat di bulan Ramadhan. Tiba-tiba muncullah seseorang, lalu mencuri segenggam makanan. Namun kepintaran Hurairah memang patut dipuji, kemudian pencuri itu kemudian berhasil ditangkapnya.
"Akan aku adukan kamu kepada Rasulullah S.A.W," gertak Abu Hurairah.
Bukan main takutnya pencuri itu mendengar ancaman Abu Hurairah, hingga kemudian ia pun merengek-rengek : "Saya ini orang miskin, keluarga tanggungan saya banyak, sementara saya sangat memerlukan makanan."

Maka pencuri itu pun dilepaskan. Bukankah zakat itu pada akhirnya akan diberikan kepada fakir miskin ? Hanya saja, cara memang keliru. Mestinya jangan keliru.
Keesokan harinya, Abu Hurairah melaporkan kepada Rasulullah S.A.W. Maka bertanyalah beliau : "Apa yang dilakukan kepada tawananmu semalam, ya Abu Hurairah?"
Ia mengeluh, "Ya Rasulullah, bahwa ia orang miskin, keluarganya banyak dan sangat memerlukan makanan," jawab Abu Hurairah. Lalu diterangkan pula olehnya, bahwa ia kasihan kepada pencuri itu,, lalu dilepaskannya.

"Bohong dia," kata Nabi : "Pada hala nanti malam ia akan datang lagi."
Kerana Rasulullah S.A.W berkata begitu, maka penjagaannya diperketat, dan kewaspadaan pun ditingkatkan.Dan, benar juga, pencuri itu kembali lagi, lalu mengambil makanan seperti kelmarin. Dan kali ini ia pun tertangkap.
"Akan aku adukan kamu kepada Rasulullah S.A.W," ancam Abu Hurairah, sama seperti kelmarin. Dan pencuri itu pun sekali lagi meminta ampun : "Saya orang miskin, keluarga saya banyak. Saya berjanji esok tidak akan kembali lagi."

Kasihan juga rupanya Abu Hurairah mendengar keluhan orang itu, dan kali ini pun ia kembali dilepaskan. Pada paginya, kejadian itu dilaporkan kepada Rasulullah S.A.W, dan beliau pun bertanya seperti kelmarin. Dan setelah mendapat jawapan yang sama, sekali lagi Rasulullah menegaskan : "Pencuri itu bohong, dan nanti malam ia akan kembali lagi."
Malam itu Abu Hurairah berjaga-jaga dengan kewaspadaan dan kepintaran penuh. Mata, telinga dan perasaannya dipasang baik-baik. Diperhatikannya dengan teliti setiap gerak-geri disekelilingnya sudah dua kali ia dibohongi oleh pencuri. Jika pencuri itu benar-benar datang seperti diperkatakan oleh Rasulullah dan ia berhasil menangkapnya, ia telah bertekad tidak akan melepaskannya sekali lagi. Hatinya sudah tidak sabar lagi menunggu-nunggu datangnya pencuri jahanam itu. Ia kesal. Kenapa pencuri kelmarin itu dilepaskan begitu saja sebelum diseret ke hadapan Rasulullah S.A.W ? Kenapa mahu saja ia ditipu olehnya ? "Awas!" katanya dalam hati. "Kali ini tidak akan kuberikan ampun."

Malam semakin larut, jalanan sudah sepi, ketika tiba-tiba muncul sesosok bayangan yang datang menghampiri longgokan makanan yang dia jaga. "Nah, benar juga, ia datang lagi," katanya dalam hati. Dan tidak lama kemudian pencuri itu telah bertekuk lutut di hadapannya dengan wajah ketakutan. Diperhatikannya benar-benar wajah pencuri itu. Ada semacam kepura-puraan pada gerak-gerinya.
"Kali ini kau pastinya kuadukan kepada Rasulullah. Sudah dua kali kau berjanji tidak akan datang lagi ke mari, tapi ternyata kau kembali juga. Lepaskan saya," pencuri itu memohon. Tapi, dari tangan Abu Hurairah yang menggenggam erat-erat dapat difahami, bahwa kali ini ia tidak akan dilepaskan lagi. Maka dengan rasa putus asa ahirnya pencuri itu berkata : "Lepaskan saya, akan saya ajari tuan beberapa kalimat yang sangat berguna."

"Kalimat-kalimat apakah itu?" Tanya Abu Hurairah dengan rasa ingin tahu. "Bila tuan hendak tidur, bacalah ayat Kursi : Allaahu laa Ilaaha illaa Huwal-Hayyul Qayyuuumu….. Dan seterusnya sampai akhir ayat. Maka tuan akan selalu dipelihara oleh Allah, dan tidak akan ada syaitan yang berani mendekati tuan sampai pagi."
Maka pencuri itu pun dilepaskan oleh Abu Hurairah. Agaknya naluri keilmuannya lebih menguasai jiwanya sebagai penjaga gudang.
Dan keesokan harinya, ia kembali menghadap Rasulullah S.A.W untuk melaporkan pengalamannya yang luar biasa tadi malam. Ada seorang pencuri yang mengajarinya kegunaan ayat Kursi.

"Apa yang dilakukan oleh tawananmu semalam?" tanya Rasul sebelum Abu Hurairah sempat menceritakan segalanya.
"Ia mengajariku beberapa kalimat yang katanya sangat berguna, lalu ia saya lepaskan," jawab Abu Hurairah.
"Kalimat apakah itu?" tanya Nabi.
Katanya : "Kalau kamu tidur, bacalah ayat Kursi : Allaahu laa Ilaaha illaa Huwal-Hayyul Qayyuuumu….. Dan seterusnya sampai akhir ayat. Dan ia katakan pula : "Jika engkau membaca itu, maka engkau akan selalu dijaga oleh Allah, dan tidak akan didekati syaitan hingga pagi hari."

Menanggapi cerita Abu Hurairah, Nabi S.A.W berkata, "Pencuri itu telah berkata benar, sekalipun sebenarnya ia tetap pendusta." Kemudian Nabi S.A.W bertanya pula : "Tahukah kamu, siapa sebenarnya pencuri yang ertemu denganmu tiap malam itu?"
"Entahlah." Jawab Abu Hurairah.
"Itulah syaitan."


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